Since 2006, Doctors of the World has been developing a harm reduction program. The first part of this includes prevention and access to primary healthcare and to treatment. The second part of the project concentrates on a resource and training center for local actors involved in the struggle against HIV/AIDS. In March 2010, the first methadone treatment was dispensed in partnership with the health authorities.
110,000 syringes have been distributed, 70 people treated with methadone and six received antiretroviral treatments. 49 local NGO members were trained in harm reduction.
Doctors of the World will support the creation of an independent Afghan organization involved in harm reduction.